Termites are insects with a very defined social strata. A mature termite colony may number in the millions, with each member fulfilling a defined biological role. The castes, not including nymphs (immature termites), are called workers, soldiers and reproductives. Typically, a queen and king reside in a mature colony. Winged adults are referred to as “swarmers.” They emerge from the colony and take flight (swarm) during certain seasons of the year, usually late winter to early spring. This marks the beginning of the termite reproductive cycle, as the swarmers are the primary reproductives. Swarming is also significant, as it is during this time that they are most likely to be spotted by humans
How Do Termites Enter My New Jersey or Pennsylvania Home
These insects make their home (a nest or colony) primarily in the soil or wood beneath the soil. They tunnel through the ground, searching for trees, brush and other decaying wood (preferred) found in nature. If this primary source is reduced or absent, termites look to other food sources, namely, your home.
Termites easily access a home through any wood in contact with the soil. As a result, nearly every termite prevention list advises storing firewood several feet from the house and keeping the surrounding grounds clear of other wood debris. Regular inspections by pest control companies are highly recommended. A pest control technician can save a homeowner thousands of dollars in home repair bills by conducting routine professional inspections on a regular basis.
Termites Common to Your New Jersey or Pennsylvania Home
Subterranean termites are the most common and destructive termite in our service area of New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Subterranean, by definition, means “situated or operating beneath the earth’s surface; underground.”
The insects are small and closely related to ants. They feed on wood, soil and detritus and often make large nests in houses and wood structures. Termites are referred to as “silent invaders” and can be present in your home without you ever knowing it. They often don’t reveal themselves until a real estate transaction occurs and a termite inspection is required. If a homeowner has termites and experiences a termite swarm he should consider himself lucky to have discovered their presence. Evidence of a termite swarm will typically happen in the fall when a homeowner will notice either swarms of insects inside of his home. It is also possible to discover a pile of termites shed wings on the ground, usually on a lower level of a home.
Treatment of Termites
Removing termite colonies requires an experienced pest professional. Termites are not a do-it-yourself pest.
Experts offer a number of options for their clients, and a property inspection is one of the first places to start. Termite inspectors are trained to locate colonies, and they can quickly identify critical zones that the pests use to enter. Often, it is imperative to treat these areas with a termiticide. The termiticide can be injected into the ground, under walls and beneath concrete slabs. This is one aspect of a termite elimination strategy and works to prevent the pests from crossing into a structure.